Eph. 4:11 – Christ gave them apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers.
All five of these were given as gifts to His people, and all play a part in growing people to maturity with their seperate functions. None have priority over the others. Christ gave these, so we aren’t talking about Old Testament prophets. He said we needed all 5 to help us reach maturity… we can all tell that the body of Christ has not reached maturity yet. If we had, Christ would have returned from His spotless bride.
Teaching allows us to gain a full understanding of God’s principals for life, growth, service, etc. Prophecy imparts the express purpose of God in our current situations.
Teaching shows us the mind of God, while prophecy often reveals his heart.
Matt. 12:34 – From the overflow of the heart the mouth speaks.
2 Peter 1:21 – prophecy never came from man, but was sent by God as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
His heart will never countermand scripture (his mind).
1 John 4:1 – So do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God